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BMW newest technology at AV Best BMW Repair

Vega’s son, Victor Vega Jr., 30, has worked alongside his father since 1997. Vega said, with auto-mobiles becoming far more technical since he opened his garage 23 years ago, he has to constantly stay up to date on the newest technology Vega and his son attend classes

and seminars to remain current. “We have the latest in diagnostic equipment. We can do whatever the BMW dealer can do. We are constantly updating ourselves and our equipment.” Although Vega spent two years repairing vehicles manufactured by Volvo and Mercedes-Benz he eventually decided to stick with BMWS, including Mini Coopers, which’ are
owned by the car manufacturer. “I “love BMWs – they are the love of my life,” Vega said.-“There’s no comparison to when you actually drive it. BMW is still at the top of the technological advance- When BMW talks, every-one listens.”
Vic’s Bimmer Shop is open 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Thursday It is closed Friday through Sunday
For details, call (661) 949-1990
or visit www.avbmwrepair.com.
ahoffman@avpress.com

 


 

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February 16, 2011 Posted by | AV Bimmer Repair, AV BMW Repair, AV BMW Service, AV Mini Cooper Repair, Lancaster BMW, Uncategorized | , , , , | Leave a comment

The Antelope Valley’s Only BMW Repair

 

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), (literally EnglishBavarian Motor Works) is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine manufacturing company founded in 1916. It also owns and produces the Mini brand, and is the parent company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW produces motorcycles under BMW Motorrad and Husqvarna brands. BMW is known for its performance and luxury vehicles, and is a global leader in premium car sales.[citation needed]

[edit]Company history

BMW Headquarters in Munich, Germany

 

 

BMW entered existence as a business entity following a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke aircraft engine manufacturing firm in 1917. After the end of World War I in 1918, BMW was forced to cease aircraft engine production by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty.[2] The company consequently shifted to motorcycle production in 1923 once the restrictions of the treaty started to be lifted,[3]followed by automobiles in 1928–29.[4][5][6]

The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel is portrayed by BMW as the movement of an aircraft propeller, to signify the white blades cutting through the blue sky – an interpretation that BMW adopted for convenience in 1929, twelve years after the roundel was created.[7][8] The emblem evolved from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, combined with the white and blue colors of the flag of Bavaria, reversed to produce the BMW roundel. However, the origin of the logo being based on the movement of a propeller is in dispute, according to an article recently posted by the New York Times, quoting “At the BMW Museum in Munich, Anne Schmidt-Possiwal, explained that the blue-and-white company logo did not represent a spinning propeller, but was meant to show the colors of the Free State of Bavaria.” [9]

BMW’s first significant aircraft engine was the BMW IIIa inline-six liquid-cooled engine of 1918, much preferred for its high-altitude performance.[10] With German rearmament in the 1930s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the Luftwaffe. Among its successful World War II engine designs were the BMW 132 and BMW 801 air-cooled radial engines, and the pioneering BMW 003axial-flow turbojet, which powered the tiny, 1944-1945-era jet-powered “emergency fighter”, the Heinkel He 162 Spatz. The BMW 003 jet engine was tested in the A-1b version of the world’s first jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262, but BMW engines failed on takeoff, a major setback for the jet fighter program until successful testing with Junkers engines.[11][12]

By 1959 the automotive division of BMW was in financial difficulties and a shareholders meeting was held to decide whether to go into liquidation or find a way of carrying on. It was decided to carry on and to try to cash in on the current economy car boom enjoyed so successfully by some of Germany’s ex-aircraft manufacturers such as Messerschmitt and Heinkel. The rights to manufacture the Italian Iso Isetta were bought; the tiny cars themselves were to be powered by a modified form of BMW’s own motorcycle engine. This was moderately successful and helped the company get back on its feet. The controlling majority shareholder of the BMW Aktiengesellschaft since 1959 is the Quandt family, which owns about 46% of the stock. The rest is in public float.

In 1992, BMW acquired a large stake in California based industrial design studio DesignworksUSA, which they fully acquired in 1995. In 1994, BMW bought the British Rover Group[13] (which at the time consisted of the RoverLand Rover and MG brands as well as the rights to defunct brands including Austin and Morris), and owned it for six years. By 2000, Rover was making huge losses and BMW decided to sell the combine. The MG and Rover brands were sold to the Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, while Land Rover was taken over by Ford. BMW, meanwhile, retained the rights to build the new Mini, which was launched in 2001.

Chief designer Chris Bangle announced his departure from BMW in February 2009, after serving on the design team for nearly seventeen years. He was replaced by Adrian van Hooydonk, Bangle’s former right hand man. Bangle was known for his radical designs such as the 2002 7-Series and the 2002 Z4. In July 2007, the production rights for Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported 93 million euros. BMW Motorrad plans to continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles as a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, as well as the current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese.

[edit]Production

In 2006, BMW produced 1,366,838 four-wheeled vehicles, which were manufactured in five countries.[14] In 2009, it manufactured 1,258,417 four-wheeled vehicles.[1] In 2009, BMW Motorrad produced 82,631 motorcycles.[1]

[edit]Sales (BMW-brand)

Vehicles sold in all markets according to BMW’s annual reports.

[edit]Motorcycles

The R32 motorcycle, the first BMW motor vehicle.

 

 

BMW began building motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after World War I. Its motorcycle brand is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle, after the failed Helios and Flink, was the “R32” in 1923. This had a “boxer” twin engine, in which a cylinder projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart from their single cylinder models (basically to the same pattern), all their motorcycles used this distinctive layout until the early 1980s. Many BMWs are still produced in this layout, which is designated the R Series.

BMW roundel in 1939

 

 

 

BMW 1955 R67/3 was the last of the “plunger” models

 

 

During the Second World War, BMW produced the BMW R75 motorcycle with a sidecarattached. Featuring a unique design copied from the Zündapp KS750, its sidecar wheel was also motor-driven. Combined with a lockable differential, this made the vehicle very capable off-road, an equivalent in many ways to the Jeep.

In 1983, came the K Series, shaft drive but water-cooled and with either three or four cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin Rotax engines.

In the early 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became known as the oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1,170 cc and enhanced performance to 100 hp (75 kW) for the R1200GS, compared to 85 hp (63 kW) of the previous R1150GS. More powerful variants of the oilhead engines are available in the R1100S and R1200S, producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 122 hp (91 kW), respectively.

In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which marked a departure for BMW. It features an engine producing 167 hp (125 kW), derived from the company’s work with the Williams F1 team, and is lighter than previous K models. Innovations include electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, and a Hossack-type front fork that BMW calls Duolever.

BMW introduced anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles pave the way for the introduction of electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology later in the 2007 model year.

BMW has been an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension long before most other manufacturers. Then they switched to an Earles fork, front suspension by swinging fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided at the back (compare with the regular swinging fork usually, and wrongly, calledswinging arm). Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, in the early 1990s. Like the Earles fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.

In July 2007, the Swedish Husqvarna Motorcycles was purchased by BMW for a reported €93 million. BMW Motorrad plans to continue operating Husqvarna Motorcycles as a separate enterprise. All development, sales and production activities, as well as the current workforce, have remained in place at its present location at Varese.[15] Husqvarna manufactures motocrossenduro and supermoto motorcycles.

[edit]Automobiles

[edit]New Class

The New Class (German: Neue Klasse) was a line of compact sedans and coupes starting with the 1962 1500 and continuing through the last 2002s in 1977. Powered by BMW’s celebrated four-cylinder M10 engine, the New Class models featured a fully independent suspensionMacPherson struts in front, and front disc brakes. Initially a family of four-door sedans and two-door coupes, the New Class line was broadened to two-door sports sedans with the addition of the 02 Series 1600 and 2002 in 1966.

Sharing little in common with the rest of the line beyond power train, the sporty siblings caught auto enthusiasts’ attention and established BMW as an international brand. Precursors to the famed BMW 3 Series, the two-doors’ success cemented the firm’s future as an upper tier performance car maker. New Class four-doors with numbers ending in “0” were replaced by the larger BMW 5 Series in 1972. The upscale 2000C and 2000CS coupes were replaced by the six-cylinder BMW E9, introduced in 1969 with the 2800CS. The 1600 two-door was discontinued in 1975, the 2002 replaced by the 320i in 1975.

[edit]Current models

BMW 3-Series (E90)

 

 

The 1 Series, launched in 2004, is BMW’s smallest car, and is available in coupe/convertible (E82/E88) and hatchback (E81/E87) forms. The 3 Series, a compact executive car manufactured since model year 1975, is currently in its fifth generation (E90); models include the sport sedan (E90), station wagon (E91), coupe (E92), and convertible (E93). The 5 Series is a mid-size executive car, available in sedan (E60) and station wagon (E61) forms. The 5 Series Gran Turismo (F07), beginning in 2010, will create a segment between station wagons and crossover SUV.[16]

BMW 7-Series (F01)

 

 

BMW’s full-size flagship executive sedan is the 7 Series. Typically, BMW introduces many of their innovations first in the 7 Series, such as the somewhat controversial iDrive system. The 7 Series Hydrogen, featuring one of the world’s first hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines, is fueled by liquid hydrogen and emits only clean water vapor. The latest generation (F01) debuted in 2009. Based on the 5 Series’ platform, the 6 Series is BMW’s grand touring luxury sport coupe/convertible (E63/E64). A 2-seater roadster and coupewhich succeeded the Z3, the Z4 (E85) has been sold since 2002.

BMW X3 SUV (E83)

 

 

The X3 (E83), BMW’s first crossover SUV (called SAV or “Sports Activity Vehicle” by BMW) debuted in 2003 and is based on the E46/16 3 Series platform. Marketed in Europe as an off-roader, it benefits from BMW’s xDrive all-wheel drive system. The all-wheel driveX5 (E70) is a mid-size luxury SUV (SAV) sold by BMW since 2000. A 4-seat crossover SUV released by BMW in December 2007, theX6 is marketed as a “Sports Activity Coupe” (SAC) by BMW. The upcoming X1 extends the BMW Sports Activity Series model lineup.

  • 1 Series (E81) (2004–present) Hatchback, coupe and convertible
  • 3 Series (E90) (2005–present) Sedan, coupe, convertible and wagon
  • 5 Series (F10) (2010–present) Sedan and Wagon
  • 5 Series Gran Turismo (2009–present) Progressive Activity Sedan
  • 6 Series (E63) (2003–present) Coupe and convertible
  • 7 Series (F01) (2008–present) Sedan
  • X1 (2009–present) Compact Crossover SUV/Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV)
  • X3 (E25) (2010–present) Compact Crossover SUV/Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV)
  • X5 (E70) (2006–present) Compact Crossover SUV/Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV)
  • X6 (2008–present) Sports Activity Coupe
  • Z4 (E89) (2009–present) Sports Roadster

[edit]BMW M models

BMW M3 Coupé (E92)

 

 

Based on the 3 Series, the M3 defined an entirely new market for BMW: a race-ready production vehicle. Since its debut, the M3 is heralded in enthusiast circles, in large part due to its unique geometry and award winning engines. The newest V8-powered platform became available the Autumn of 2007 in Europe, and second quarter of 2008 for the U.S. in coupe (E92), and later the cabriolet (E93), and sedan (E90) variants. Based on the 5 Series, the M5 is the M division’s V10-powered version of the E60 5 Series.[17] The M6 is the M division’s version of the 6 Series, and shares its drivetrain with the M5. The Z4 M, or M Coupe/M Roadster, is the M division’s version of the Z4. The X5M is the M division’s version of the X5, and the X6M is the M division’s version of the X6. Both the X5M and X6M share the same V8 twin scroll twin turbo.

  • M3 Sedan, Coupe, Convertible and Wagon
  • M5 Sedan and Wagon
  • M6 Coupe and Convertible
  • X5 M SAV
  • X6 M SAV

[edit]Motorsport

BMW has been engaged in motorsport activities since the dawn of the first BMW motorcycle.

[edit]Motorsport sponsoring

[edit]Motorcycle

BMW S1000RR

 

 

[edit]Formula One

BMW Sauber F1 Team Logo.

 

 

BMW first entered Formula One as a fully-fledged team in 2006.

 

 

BMW has a history of success in Formula One. BMW powered cars have won 20 races. In 2006 BMW took over the Sauber team and became Formula One constructors. In 2007 and 2008 the team enjoyed some success. The most recent win is a lone constructor team’s victory by BMW Sauber F1 Team, on 8 June 2008, at the Canadian Grand Prix with Robert Kubica driving. Achievements include:

  • Driver championship: 1 (1983)
  • Constructor championship: 0 (Runner-up 2002, 2003, 2007)
  • Grand Prix wins: 20
  • Podium finishes: 76
  • Pole positions: 33
  • Fastest laps: 33

BMW was an engine supplier to WilliamsBenettonBrabham, and Arrows. Notable drivers who have started their Formula One careers with BMW include Jenson ButtonJuan Pablo Montoya, and Sebastian Vettel.

In July 2009, BMW announced that it would withdraw from Formula One at the end of the 2009 season.[19] The team was sold back to the previous owner, Peter Sauber, who still at the beginning of the 2010 season has yet to drop the BMW part of the name of the team.

[edit]Sports car

[edit]Touring car

BMW has a long and successful history in touring car racing.

BMW announced on October 15, 2010 that it will return to touring car racing during the 2012 season. Dr. Klaus Draeger, who is in charge of the return to DTM racing (Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters), commented that “The return of BMW to the DTM is a fundamental part of the restructuring of our motorsport activities. With its increased commitment to production car racing, BMW is returning to its roots. The race track is the perfect place to demonstrate the impressive sporting characteristics of our vehicles against our core competitors in a high-powered environment. The DTM is the ideal stage on which to do this.”[citation needed]

[edit]Rally

[edit]Sport sponsorship beyond motor sport

BMW does more than just motor sport sponsorship. It sponsors international polo matches played at Shongweni in Durban and Illovo in Johannesburg, South Africa.[citation needed]BMW and the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) made six year sponsorship deal official in July 2010. Those at BMW and the USOC officials see nothing contradictory about a German company sponsoring Olympians in the USA in this global economy.[20]

[edit]Environmental record

The company is a charter member of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency‘s (EPA) National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognises companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It is also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program and is on the Dow Jones Sustainability Group Index, which rates environmentally friendly companies.[21] BMW has taken measures to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models more efficient, as well as developing environmentally friendly fuels for future vehicles. Possibilities include: electric power, hybrid power (combustion, engines and electric motors) hydrogen engines.[22]

BMW offers 49 models with EU5/6 emissions norm and nearly 20 models with CO2 output less than 140 g/km, which puts it on the lowest tax group and therefore could provide the future owner with eco-bonus offered from some European countries.

However, there have been some criticisms directed at BMW, and in particular, accusations of greenwash in reference to their BMW Hydrogen 7. Some critics claim that the emissions produced during hydrogen fuel production outweigh the reduction of tailpipe emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 is a distraction from more immediate, practical solutions for car pollution.[23]

[edit]Bicycles

BMW has created a range of high-end bicycles sold online and through dealerships. They range from the Kid’s Bike to the EUR 4,499 Enduro Bike.[24] In the United States, only the Cruise Bike and Kid’s Bike models are sold.[25]

[edit]BMW nomenclature

BMW vehicles follow a certain nomenclature; usually a 3 digit number is followed by 1 or 2 letters. The first number represents the series number. The next two numbers traditionally represent the engine displacement in cubic centimeters divided by 100.[26]similar nomenclature is used by BMW Motorrad for their motorcycles.

The system of letters can be used in combination, and is as follows:

historic nomenclature indicating “td” refers to “Turbo Diesel”, not a diesel hatchback or touring model (524td, 525td)

†† typically includes sport seats, spoiler, aerodynamic body kit, upgraded wheels, etc.

For example, the BMW 760iL is a fuel-injected 7 Series with a long wheelbase and 6.0 liters of displacement. This badge was used for successive generations, E65 and F01.

When ‘L’ supersedes the series number (e.g. L6, L7, etc.) it identifies the vehicle as a special luxury variant, featuring extended leather and special interior appointments. The L7 is based on the E23 and E38, and the L6 is based on the E24.

When ‘X’ is capitalised and supersedes the series number (e.g. X3, X5, etc.) it identifies the vehicle as one of BMW’s Sports Activity Vehicles (SAV), their brand of crossovers, featuring BMW’s xDrive. The second number in the ‘X’ series denotes the platform that it is based upon, for instance the X5 is derived from the 5 Series. Unlike BMW cars, the SAV’s main badge does not denote engine size, the engine is instead indicated on side badges.

The ‘Z’ identifies the vehicle as a two seat roadster (e.g. Z1, Z3, Z4, etc.). ‘M’ variants of ‘Z’ models have the ‘M’ as a suffix or prefix, depending on country of sale (e.g. ‘Z4 M’ is ‘M Roadster’ in Canada).

Previous X & Z vehicles had ‘i’ or ‘si’ following the engine displacement number (denoted in liters). BMW is now globally standardising this nomenclature on X & Z vehicles by using ‘sDrive’ or ‘xDrive’ (simply meaning rear or all wheel drive, respectively) followed by two numbers which vaguely represent the vehicle’s engine (e.g. Z4 sDrive35i is a rear wheel drive Z4 roadster with a 3.0 L twin-turbo fuel-injected engine).[27]

BMW last used the ‘s’ for the E36 328is, which ceased production in 1999. However, the ‘s’ nomenclature was brought back on the 2011 model year BMW 335is and BMW Z4 sDrive35is. The 335is is a sport-tuned trim with more performance and an optional dual clutch transmission that slots between the regular 335i and top-of-the-line M3.[28][29]

The ‘M’ – for Motorsport – identifies the vehicle as a high-performance model of a particular series (e.g. M3, M5, M6, etc.). For example, the M6 is the highest performing vehicle in the 6 Series lineup. Although ‘M’ cars should be separated into their respective series platforms, it is very common to see ‘M’ cars grouped together as its own lineup on the official BMW website.

[edit]Exceptions

There are exceptions to the numbering nomenclature.[30]

The M versions of the Sports Activity Vehicles, such as the BMW X5 M, could not follow the regular naming convention since MX5 was used for Mazda‘s MX-5 Miata.

For instance in the 2008 model year, the BMW 125i/128i, 328i, and 528i all had 3.0 naturally aspirated engines (N52), not a 2,500 cc or 2,800 cc engine as the series designation number would lead one to believe. The ’28’ is to denote a detuned engine in the 2008 cars, compared to the 2006 model year ’30’ vehicles (330i and 530i) whose 3.0 naturally aspirated engines are from the same N52 family but had more output.

The 2008 BMW 335i and 535i also have 3.0-liter engine; however the engines are twin-turbocharged (N54) which is not identified by the nomenclature. Nonetheless the ’35’ indicates a more powerful engine than previous ’30’ models that have the naturally aspirated N52 engine. The 2011 BMW 740i and 335is shares the same twin-turbo 3.0 engine from the N54 family but tuned to higher outputs, although the badging is not consistent (’40’ and ‘s’).

The E36 and E46 323i and E39 523i had 2.5-liter engines. The E36 318i made after 1996 has a 1.9 L engine (M44) as opposed to the 1.8 L (M42) used in the 1992 to 1995 models.

The badging for recent V8 engines (N62 and N63) also does not indicate displacement, as the 2006 750i and 2009 750i have 4800 cc (naturally aspirated) and 4400 cc (twin-turbocharged) engines, respectively.

[edit]Community

BMW logo sign in Düsseldorf

 

 

From the summer of 2001 until October 2005, BMW hosted the “BMW Films”. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. website, showcasing sporty models being driven to extremes. These videos are still popular within the enthusiast community and proved to be a ground-breaking online advertising campaign.

Annually since 1999, BMW enthusiasts have met in Santa Barbara, CA to attend Bimmerfest. One of the largest brand-specific gatherings in the U.S., over 3,000 people attended in 2006, and over 1,000 BMW cars were present. In 2007, the event was held on May 5.

[edit]BMW slang

The initials BMW are pronounced [ˈbeː ˈɛm ˈveː] in German.[31] The model series are referred to as “Einser” (“One-er” for 1 series), “Dreier” (“Three-er” for 3 series), “Fünfer” (“Five-er” for the 5 series), “Sechser” (“Six-er” for the 6 series), “Siebener” (“Seven-er” for the 7 series). These are not actually slang, but are the normal way that such letters and numbers are pronounced in German.[32]

The English slang terms Beemer, Bimmer and Bee-em are variously used for BMWs of all kinds,[33][34] cars, and motorcycles.[35][36]

In the US, specialists have been at pains to prescribe that a distinction must be made between using Beemer exclusively to describe BMW motorcycles, and using Bimmer only to refer to BMW cars,[37][38][39] in the manner of a “true aficionado”[40] and avoid appearing to be “uninitiated.”[41][42] The CanadianGlobe and Mail prefers Bimmer and calls Beemer a “yuppie abomination,”[43] while the Tacoma News Tribune says it is a distinction made by “auto snobs.”[44] Using the wrong slang risks offending BMW enthusiasts.[45][46][47] An editor of Business Week was satisfied in 2003 that the question was resolved in favor of Bimmer by noting that a Google search yielded 10 times as many hits compared to Beemer.[48]

[edit]The arts

1975 BMW 3.0CSL painted by Alexander Calder.

 

 

Manufacturers employ designers for their cars, but BMW has made efforts to gain recognition for exceptional contributions to and support of the arts, including art beyond motor vehicle design. These efforts typically overlap or complement BMW’s marketing and branding campaigns.[49] The headquarters building, designed in 1972 by Karl Schwanzer has become a European icon,[50] and artist Gerhard Richter created his Red, Yellow, Blue series of paintings for the building’s lobby.[51][52] In 1975, Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint the 3.0CSL driven by Hervé Poulain at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. This led to more BMW Art Cars, painted by artists including David HockneyJenny HolzerRoy Lichtenstein, and others. The cars, currently numbering 16, have been shown at the LouvreGuggenheim Museum Bilbao, and, in 2009, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and New York’s Grand Central Terminal.[50] BMW was the principal sponsor of the 1998 The Art of the Motorcycle exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and other Guggenheim museums, though the financial relationship between BMW and the Guggenheim was criticised in many quarters.[53][54]

The 2006 “BMW Performance Series” was a marketing event geared to attract black car buyers, and featured the “BMW Pop-Jazz Live Series,” a tour headlined by jazz musician Mike Phillips, and the “BMW Blackfilms.com Film Series” highlighting black filmmakers.[55]

[edit]April Fools

BMW has garnered a reputation over the years for its April Fools pranks, which are printed in the British press every year. In 2010, they ran an advert announcing that customers would be able to order BMWs with different coloured badges to show their affiliation with the political party they supported.

[edit]Overseas subsidiaries

[edit]South Africa

BMWs have been assembled in South Africa since 1968,[56] when Praetor Monteerders’ plant was opened in Rosslyn, near Pretoria. BMW initially bought shares in the company, before fully acquiring it in 1975; in so doing, the company became BMW South Africa, the first wholly owned subsidiary of BMW to be established outside Germany. Three unique models that BMW Motorsport created for the South African market were the E23 M745i (1983), which used the M88 engine from the BMW M1, the BMW 333i (1986), which added a 6-cylinder 3.2 litre M30 engine to the E30,[57] and the E30 BMW 325is (1989) which was powered by an Alpina-derived 2.7 litre engine.

Unlike U.S. manufacturers, such as Ford and GM, which divested from the country in the 1980s, BMW retained full ownership of its operations in South Africa.

Following the end of apartheid in 1994, and the lowering of import tariffs, BMW South Africa ended local production of the 5-Series and 7-Series, in order to concentrate on production of the 3-Series for the export market. South African–built BMWs are now exported to right hand drive markets including Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, MalaysiaSingapore, and Hong Kong, as well as Sub-Saharan Africa. Since 1997, BMW South Africa has produced vehicles in left hand drive for export to Taiwan, the United States and Iran, as well as South America.

BMW’s with a VIN number starting with “NC0” are manufactured in South Africa.

[edit]United States

BMW Spartanburg factory

 

 

BMW Manufacturing Co has been manufacturing the X5 and, more recently, the X6 in Greer near Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA.[58]The smaller X3 has began production in Spartanburg. BMW’s with a VIN number starting with “4US and 5US” are manufactured in Spartanburg.

In 2010 BMW announced that it would spend $750 million to expand operations at the Spartanburg plant. This expansion will allow production of 240,000 vehicles a year and will make the plant the largest car factory in the United States by number of employees.[59]

[edit]India

BMW India was established in 2006 as a sales subsidiary in Gurgaon (National Capital Region). A state-of-the-art assembly plant for BMW 3 and 5 Series started operation in early 2007 in Chennai. Construction of the plant started in January 2006 with an initial investment of more than one billion Indian Rupees. The plant started operation in the first quarter of 2007 and produces the different variants of BMW 3 Series and BMW 5 Series.[60]

[edit]China

Signing a deal in 2003 for the production of sedans in China,[61] May 2004 saw the opening of a factory in the North-eastern city of Shenyang where Brilliance Automotive produces BMW-branded automobiles[62] in a joint venture with the German company.[63]

[edit]Canada

In October 2008, BMW Group Canada was named one of Greater Toronto’s Top Employers by Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was announced by the Toronto Star newspaper.[64]

[edit]Austria

The BMW X3 is also made by Magna Steyr, a subsidiary of a Canadian company, in Graz, Austria under license from BMW.[citation needed]

[edit]Egypt

Bavarian Auto Group is a multinational group of companies established in March 2003 when it was appointed as the sole importer of BMW and Mini in Egypt, with exclusive rights for import, assembly, distribution, sales and after-sales support of BMW products in Egypt.

Since that date, BAG invested a total amount of 100 Million US Dollars distributed on 7 companies and 11 premises in addition to 3 stores.

Currently, the facility enables Bavarian Auto the opportunity to offer a full range of locally assembled models; including the BMW 3 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series and X3 which. In combination with a new range of imported models; including the BMW 1 Series, 6 Series, X5, X6 and various Mini models.

[edit]Related companies

A Combined BMW Mini dealership inMoncton, Canada

 

 

  • AC Schnitzer: A tuning company specialising in BMW vehicles.
  • Alpina: A Motor Manufacturer in its own right, who creates vehicles based on BMW cars.
  • Automobilwerk Eisenach
  • Breyton: A tuning manufacturer specialising in BMW cars.
  • Dinan Cars: A tuning company specialising in BMW and Mini cars
  • G-Power: A tuning company specialising in BMW vehicles.
  • Glas
  • Hamann Motorsport: A Motor Styling and Tuning Specialist who creates vehicles based on BMW cars.
  • Hartge: A tuning company specialising in BMW, Mini and Range Rover cars.
  • Husqvarna Motorcycles
  • Land Rover: Sold to Ford, now bought by Indian automaker Tata; the current Range Rover was developed during BMW’s ownership of the company and until recently was powered by their 4.4 L V8 petrol (gasoline) engine and BMW 3.0 L I6 diesel engine.
  • Mini: A small hatchback; inspired by the original Mini.
  • MK-Motorsport: A tuning company specialising in BMW cars.
  • Racing Dynamics: A tuning company and motor manufacturer specialising in BMW Group vehicles.
  • Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited
  • Rover: Owned by BMW from 1994 to 2000, BMW retained the Mini after selling off the rest of the company (see MG Rover Group)
  • Turner Motorsport: A North American-based company specialising in tuning BMW vehicles for road and racetrack. Behind the factory-supported Schnitzer Motorsport team, Turner Motorsport has entered the highest number of professional races with BMW models.

[edit]See also

 

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG

Type Aktiengesellschaft (FWB:BMW)
Industry Automotive industry
Founded 1916
Founder(s) Franz Josef Popp
Headquarters MunichGermany
Area served Worldwide
Key people Norbert Reithofer (CEO), Joachim Milberg (Chairman of thesupervisory board)
Products Automobilesmotorcycles,bicycles
Revenue 50.68 billion (2009)[1]
Operating income €289 million (2009)[1]
Profit €204 million (2009)[1]
Employees 96,230 (2009)[1]
Subsidiaries Rolls-Royce Motor Cars
BMW Motorrad
Husqvarna
Website bmw.com

Contents

[hide]

Country Make Cars (2006) Cars (2008) Models
Germany BMW 905,057 901,898 Others
United Kingdom Mini 187,454 235,019 All Minis
Rolls-Royce 67 1,417 All Rolls-Royce
Austria BMW 114,306 82,863 BMW X3
USA BMW 105,172 170,741 BMW X5, X6
South Africa BMW 54,782 47,980 BMW 3-Series
Total 1,366,838 1,439,918
Year Total
2000 822,181
2001 880,677
2002 913,225
2003 928,151
2004 1,023,583
2005 1,126,768
2006 1,185,088
2007 1,276,793
2008 1,202,239
2009 1,068,771
Factory 1b.svg Companies portal


[edit]References

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  2. ^ “Fliegerschule St.Gallen – history” (in German). Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  3. ^ Darwin Holmstrom, Brian J. Nelson (2002), BMW Motorcycles, MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company, ISBN 076031098X, retrieved 2008-08-24
  4. ^ Johnson, Richard Alan (2005), Six men who built the modern auto industry, MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company, ISBN 0760319588, 9780760319581
  5. ^ Disseminative Capabilities: A Case Study of Collaborative Product Development in the Automotive, Gabler Verlag, 2008, ISBN 3834912549, 9783834912541
  6. ^ Kiley, David (2004), Driven: inside BMW, the most admired car company in the world, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN 0471269204, 9780471269205
  7. ^ Dr. Florian Triebel. “The Origin of the BMW Logo: Fact and Fiction” (PDF). Mobile Tradition live / Issue 01.2005. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  8. ^ Uniquely BMW1, BMW North America, 2006.
  9. ^ Williams, Stephen (2010-01-07). “Origins of BMW roundel”. Wheels.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  10. ^ “BMW Model IIIA – Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum”. Nasm.si.edu. Retrieved 2010-04-18.
  11. ^ Pavelec, Sterling Michael (007), The Jet Race and the Second World War, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0275993558, 9780275993559
  12. ^ Radinger, Will; Schick., Walter (1996), Me262 (in German), Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH, p. 23, ISBN 3-925505-21-0
  13. ^ Albrecht Rothacher (2004), Corporate Cultures And Global Brands, World Scientific, p. 239, ISBN 9812388567
  14. ^ “World Motor Vehicle Production, OICA correspondents survey 2006” (PDF). Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  15. ^ BMW Buys Husqvarna From MV Agusta roadracingworld.com retrieved on September 30, 2007
  16. ^ “BMW 5-Series Gran Turismo”reported by newBMWseries.com. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  17. ^ “Equipment and Technical data” (PDF). BMW AG. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
  18. ^ “History of Dakar – RETROSPECTIVE 1979–2007” (PDF). Dakar. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
  19. ^ “BMW to quit F1 at end of season”. BBC News. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
  20. ^ “BMW, USOC make 6-year sponsorship deal official”CNN. 2010-07-26.[dead link]
  21. ^ Grahl, C: “Green finishing”, page 35(4). Industrial Paint & Powder, 2006
  22. ^ Bird, J and Walker, M: “BMW A Sustainable Future? ”, page 11. Wild World 2005
  23. ^ “Not as Green at it Seems”.
  24. ^ “BMW Online Shop”. Shop.bmwgroup.com. 2009-03-21. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  25. ^ BMWonline – 1-888-BMW-ONLINE (888-269-6654) BMW, clothes, clothing, shirts, sweaters, polos, models, miniatures, shirt, tee, tees, sweater, polo, model, miniature, jewelry, motorcycle, leathers, boots, gloves[dead link]
  26. ^ W.P. BMW Group Canada Inc. http://www.bmw.ca
  27. ^ FAQ from the BMW Z4 Press Conference, as reported by BMWBLOG, May 8, 2009.http://www.bmwblog.com/2009/05/08/faq-from-the-recent-bmw-press-conference
  28. ^ “Preview: 2011 BMW 335is Coupe – Posted Driving”. Network.nationalpost.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  29. ^ Cunningham, Wayne (2010-07-13). “2011 BMW 335is (photos) – CNET Reviews”. Reviews.cnet.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  30. ^ Carver, Robert. BMW San Antonio. BMW Informationhttp://www.mrbimmer.com/bmw.information
  31. ^ Stevens Sheldon, Edward (1891), A short German grammar for high schools and colleges, Heath, p. 1
  32. ^ Schmitt, Peter A (2004), Langenscheidt Fachwörterbuch Technik und Angewandte Wissenschaften: Englisch – Deutsch / Deutsch – Englisch. (2nd ed.), Langenscheidt Fachverlag, ISBN 386117233X, 9783861172338
  33. ^ “Bee em / BMW Motorcycle Club of Victoria Inc”National Library of Australia. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  34. ^ “No Toupees allowed”Bangkok Post. 209-10-02. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  35. ^ Lighter, Jonathan E. (1994), Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang: A-G1, Random House, pp. 126–7, ISBN 0394544277, 9780394544274, “Beemer n.[BMW + ”er”] a BMW automobile. Also Beamer. 1982 S. Black Totally Awesome 83 BMW (“Beemer”). 1985 L.A. Times (Apr. 13) V 4: Id much rather drive my Beemer than a truck.1989 L. Roberts Full Cleveland 39: Baby boomers… in… late-model Beemers. 1990 Hull High (NBC-TV): You should ee my dad’s new Beemer. 1991 Cathy (synd. cartoon strip) (Apr. 21): Sheila… [ground] multi-grain snack chips crumbs into the back seat of my brand-new Beamer! 1992 Time (May 18) 84: Its residents tend to drive pickups or subcompacts, not Beemers or Rolles.”
  36. ^ Lighter, Jonathan E. (1994), Random House Historical Dictionary of American Slang: A-G1, Random House, p. 159, ISBN 0394544277, 9780394544274, “Bimmer n.Beemer.
  37. ^ “Bimmer vs. Beemer”boston-bmwcca.org. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
  38. ^ Duglin Kennedy, Shirley (2005), The Savvy Guide to Motorcycles, Indy Tech Publishing, ISBN 0790613166, 9780790613161, “Beemer – BMW motorcycle; as opposed to Bimmer, which is a BMW automobile.”
  39. ^ Yates, Brock (12 March 1989), “You Say Porsch and I Say Porsch-eh”The Washington Post: w45, “‘Bimmer’ is the slang for a BMW automobile, but ‘Beemer’ is right when referring to the company’s motorcycles.”[dead link]
  40. ^ Morsi, Pamela (2002), Doing Good, Mira, p. 18, ISBN 155166884X, 9781551668840, “True aficionados know that the nickname Beemer actually refers to the BMW motorcycle. Bimmer is the correct nickname for the automobile”
  41. ^ Herchenroether, Dan; SellingAir, LLC (2004), Selling Air: A Tech Bubble Novel, SellingAir, LLC, ISBN 0975422405, 9780975422403
  42. ^ Hoffmann, Peter (1998), Hydrogen & fuel cell letter, Peter Hoffmann, “For the uninitiated, a Bimmer is a BMW car, and a Beemer is a motorcycle.”
  43. ^ English, Bob (7 April 2009), “Why wait for spring? Lease it now”Globe and Mail(Toronto, CA: CTVglobemedia Publishing), “If you’re a Bimmer enthusiast (not that horrible leftover 1980s yuppie abomination Beemer), you’ve undoubtedly read the reviews,”
  44. ^ THE NOSE: FWay students knew who they were voting for in school poll :[South Sound Edition]. (2002, October 25). The News Tribune,p. B01. Retrieved July 6, 2009, from ProQuest Newsstand. (Document ID: 223030831) |quote=We’re told by auto snobs that the word ‘beemer’ actually refers to the BMW motorcycle, and that when referring to a BMW automobile, the word’s pronounced ‘bimmer.’
  45. ^ “ROAD WARRIOR Q&A: Freeway Frustration”Las Vegas Review-Journal, 25 May 2005, “I was informed a while back that BMW cars are ‘Bimmers’ and BMW motorcycles are ‘Beemers’ or ‘Beamers.’ I know that I am not here to change the world’s BMW jargon nor do I even own a BMW, but I thought I would pass along this bit of info as not to offend the car enthusiast that enlightened me.”
  46. ^ “GWINNETT VENT.(Gwinnett News)”, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Atlanta, GA): J2, 11 February 2006, “It is Bimmers people, Bimmers. Not Beamers, not Beemers. Just Bimmers. And start pronouncing it correctly also.
    No, it’s BMWs, not Bimmers.
    WOW! Some Beamer driver must be having a bad hair day.”
  47. ^ Zesiger, Sue (26 June 2000), “Why Is BMW Driving Itself Crazy? The Rover deal was a dog, but it didn’t cure BMW’s desire to be a big-league carmaker—even if that means more risky tactics.”Fortune Magazine, “Bimmers (yes, it’s ‘Bimmer’ for cars—the often misused ‘Beemer’ refers only to the motorcycles).”
  48. ^ “International – Readers Report. Not All BMW Owners Are Smitten”Business Week(The McGraw-Hill Companies), 30 June 2003, “Editor’s note: Both nicknames are widely used, though Bimmer is the correct term for BMW cars, Beemer for BMW motorcycles. A Google search yields approximately 10 times as many references to Bimmer as to Beemer.”
  49. ^ “BMW Commissions Artists for Auto Werke Art Project”, Art Business News 27 (13): 22, 2000
  50. a b Patton, Phil (12 March 2009), “These Canvases Need Oil and a Good Driver”,The New York Times: AU1
  51. ^ Friedel, Helmut; Storr, Robert (2007), Gerhard Richter: Red – Yellow – Blue, Prestel,ISBN 9783791338606
  52. ^ Shea, Christopher (27 March 2009), “Action Painting, motorized”Boston Globe
  53. ^ “”Economist, The (US) (21 April 2001), When merchants enter the temple; Marketing museums., The Economist Newspaper and The Economist Group
  54. ^ Vogel, Carol (3 August 1998), “Latest Biker Hangout? Guggenheim Ramp”The New York Times: A1
  55. ^ “BMW arts series aims at black consumers”, Automotive News 80 (6215): 37, August 7, 2006
  56. ^ “Corporate Information: History”. BMW South Africa.
  57. ^ “BMW South Africa – Plant Rosslyn”. Bmwplant.co.za. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  58. ^ BMW AG (2006-10-16). “Out with the old, in with the new”. Press release. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
  59. ^ Bennett, Jeff (October 14, 2010). “BMW to Expand Plant in South Carolina”. The Wall Street Journal: p. B5.
  60. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2006-12-11). “International BMW website”. Bmw.in. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  61. ^ General Overview Brilliance Auto Official Site
  62. ^ “BMW opens China factory – TestDriven.co.uk”. Testdriven.co.uk. 2004-05-21. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  63. ^ Brands and Products > BMW Sedan Brilliance Auto Official Site
  64. ^ “Reasons for Selection, 2009 Greater Toronto’s Top Employers Competition”.

[edit]External links

 

January 28, 2011 Posted by | AV Bimmer Repair, AV BMW Repair, AV BMW Service, AV only BMW, Lancaster BMW | , , , , | Leave a comment

Love of BMWs goes into a Business

LANCASTER – Even at 11 years old, Victor Vega was fascinated by BMWs. Vega watched his older brother race against BMW 1600 and 2002 models on the streets of his home-town in Guadalajara, Mexico. “One time I tagged along with my brother,” Vega said. “I saw this little box on wheels and wanted to know what kind of cars those were. I asked one of the drivers what they were. He told me it was a German car – a BMW” Vega said his curiosity led him to the library to research BMWs. “It just` amazed me that the company started building aircraft engines in the first World War and then motorcycles,” Vega said. “The engineering that goes into building
the car – it’s one of the best handling cars in the world.” Vega’s obsession with the Ger-
man luxury car eventually led him to open his own BMW repair shopVic’s Bimmer Shop Inc.

The road to opening the business was not an easy one, Vega said. Fresh out of high school, Vega moved, to America with his family in 1979. A year later Vega started work as a “lot boy” cleaning cars and chauffeuring customers at Bob Smith BMW in Canoga Park; “I was a lot boy for about six months,” Vega said. “Then I told my manager that I wanted to do more ‘than that. I didn’t want to push the broom anymore – I wanted to be a

mechanic.” About six months later Vega became a BMW-certified technician. For the next few years Vega said he worked for several independent BMW repair shops and he dreamed of something more 4 owning his own repair business. Vega said he turned to his friend, mentor and employer for advice. “My old boss told me that I would never be able to open my own shop,” Vega said. “That was like a challenge to me. I wanted to prove him wrong.” –

Vega continued to work hard to save his money and study English. In 1987 Vega went to visit his brother who lived in Rosamond to discuss his business idea. “On a Sunday morning he drove me to breakfast in Lancaster and I noticed there were quite a few BMW s driving around,” Vega said. “I noticed there was a BMW dealership on Sierra Highway I said it would be a great place to open a BMW repair shop.” Vega said the next day he found a classified advertisement in the newspaper, listing a repair bay for rent on Avenue I and Beech Street.

“It was a sign,” he said. Vega said he sold all of his personal possessions that were not a
necessity and obtained a loan from his brother. With $10,000 Vega started Vic’s Bimmer Shop.
“The first year was very very difficult because I didn’t know anything about business, I just knew how to repair cars. I learned the business aspect as I went along.” Before Vega could afford advertising he would leave his business card on the windshield of every BMW he came across.

Half a year into the business, Vega said he considered shutting down his shop altogether after a slow Friday “My investment ran out and I called the landlord and said I don’t think I’m going to make it,” Vega said. “It was on the brink of closing.” Vega said he attended Mass that Sunday and prayed. “I left everything in His hands. I said, ‘If this is your will (to close the shop), so be it.” On Monday the phone was ringing off the hook, Vega said.

In 1994 Vega moved the shop to a larger location on Avenue L and 10th Street West. Five years later he moved his business again to its current location at 45253 Trevor Avenue. Through the years Vega said he has built up his clientele through hard work, competitive prices and exceptional customer service. “We have a friendly atmosphere at our shop. We treat customers as our friends.”

While most of Vega’s customers are from the Valley drivers have come from as far away as Long Beach, Thousand Oaks and San Diego.Ron Hawkins of Antelope Acres said he has been taking his BMWS to Vic’s Bimmer Shop since 1988 when he asked Vega to inspect a BMW he was looking to purchase.“I told (Vega) I wanted to know what was going to go wrong with the car within the next 20,000 miles and how much it would cost,” Hawkins said. “He spent two hours looking at it and wouldn’t let me pay him.” Hawkins said he has continued bringing his BMWs to Vega for more than 22 years because of his expertise and integrity “I don’t think I would own a BMW in the Antelope Valley if he wasn’t around, honestly,” Hawkins said. .‘He’s a good mechanic and a good man too.”

Vega’s son, Victor Vega Jr., 30, has worked alongside his father since 1997. Vega said, with auto-mobiles becoming far more technical since he opened his garage 23 years ago, he has to constantly stay up to date on the newest technology Vega and his son attend classes

and seminars to remain current. “We have the latest in diagnostic equipment. We can do whatever the BMW dealer can do. We are constantly updating ourselves and our equipment.” Although Vega spent two years repairing vehicles manufactured by Volvo and Mercedes-Benz he eventually decided to stick with BMWS, including Mini Coopers, which’ are
owned by the car manufacturer. “I “love BMWs – they are the love of my life,” Vega said.-“There’s no comparison to when you actually drive it. BMW is still at the top of the technological advance- When BMW talks, every-one listens.”
Vic’s Bimmer Shop is open 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Thursday It is closed Friday through Sunday
For details, call (661) 949-1990
or visit www.avbmwrepair.com.
ahoffman@avpress.com

January 21, 2011 Posted by | AV Bimmer Repair, AV BMW Repair, AV BMW Service, AV Mini Cooper Repair, Lancaster BMW | , , , , | Leave a comment

Car Care Techniques from Vics Bimmer

Car Care Techniques


If you’re looking for a quickie solution to detailing, you’ll likely get a quickie result — in other words, slow deterioration of your vehicle’s finish until the point that it looks every bit its age.

This article explains the detailing processes I follow to keep my vehicles looking showroom new. I screwed up the paint on my first two new cars to bring you this information. I hope you find it useful.

Detailing Equipment and Supplies

Dual Action, Variable Speed Polisher and Pads

I use a Porter Cable 7424 variable speed dual-action (orbiting) polisher. Variable speed is essential, since polishing requires a higher speed than glazing, sealing, or waxing, and dual action is required as circular polishers can cause severe damage to the paint if used incorrectly. Leave circular polishers to the body shop professionals.

I also have a 6″ velcro backing plate to use with a six pack each of polishing pads and buffing pads. These pads look pretty much the same except that the foam on the polishing pad is cut with a bit more “tooth”, while the buffing pad is perfectly smooth. Each manufacturer uses different manufacturing techniques and different colored foam, so you’ll need to look at the description of the pad to figure out if it applies to the your task at hand.

I have found I don’t need any more than one pad for each polishing and sealant session, but the key here is to have pads dedicated for each task. Don’t use the same pad for polishing and sealing. It’s fairly obvious why but it deserves a mention.

Sheepskin Wash Mits

Sponges of all types, either natural or manufactured, are very coarse and rough on paint. For this reason I use a sheepskin mit to clean the exterior.

Genuine sheepskin mits used to be available in K-Mart, Walmart and the like, but now all they carry is the cheaper synthetic sheepskin. I don’t think the synthetic holds up as well or does as good a job holding water in reserve, but they do have their purpose, like handling those hard-to-clean rims. I find the relatively thin mits will fit into the nooks and crannies in my tight-spoked E46 ZHP rims.

Wheel Cleaner

This stuff is mostly unnecessary *provided* you wash the car and the wheels once a week. Most of these cleaners have mild acids in them and if you can get away with not using them, it’s a good thing because they will etch the clear over time. I also avoid using wheel cleaner or other harsh chemicals because I’m a bit more sensitive to runoff — I have a well and drink the very water I put in the ground.

100% Cotton Terricloth / Microfiber Towels

I like to use 100% cotton terricloth towels to dry the car because they hold a lot of water and are easy to clean. Just make sure they’re 100% cotton. If the binding material or base of the fabric is polyester, it can and will scratch your paint eventually. You see, every time you clean these things, a bit of the towel finds its way into the dryer lint screen. Eventually, most of the fluff will be gone and you’ll be left with a towel that still does a good job drying the car, but may expose the polyester base, which can put fine scratches in the clear.

The best towels to remove detailing materials (polish, glaze, sealant) are microfiber towels. They have a “sticky” quality to them that just seems to clean the car beautifully with a minimum of streaks. I used to think microfiber towels were a waste of money — and then I tried one. I would not recommend them anytime water is involved (like drying the car) because that’s when they tend to smear badly as the polyester fibers don’t absorb the water as effectively as cotton does.

So, bottom line: terricloth for drying, microfiber for product removal and final cleanup.

Detailing the Exterior

Detailing a car’s exterior typically involves the following processes:

Washing (30 minutes)

This is the first and perhaps most important step, since it will remove a bulk of the surface grime and make the remaining steps a bit easier and safer for your paint. First of all, I always pick a shady spot under a tree. I never wash in direct sunlight if I can avoid it. Why? Read the “drying” section, below.

I typically use a generic soap designed for cars. Some people use Dawn and other harsh soaps to remove wax prior detailing, but that doesn’t make sense to me since claying or polishing the surface will strip the wax more effectively.

I place a small amount of detergent in the water — enough to create suds and break down enough of the grease and grime that gets into the soap water, but not so much as to pollute the water table when I dump the bucket over on the ground.

Before I take the wash mit to the car, I rinse the car thoroughly with plain water. This step is particularly important if there is visible dirt on the car. If you don’t rinse that off, it will act like sandpaper and scour the clearcoat.

Here’s where you’ll definitely recognize your past work. If you’ve kept the car waxed, merely rinsing the car with water should remove most of the dirt. If you haven’t waxed the car in the last two months or so, you may find the need to do a bit more scrubbing. If you must “scrub”, be sure to rinse both your wash mit as well as the surface you’re cleaning on a regular basis, or you’ll definitely scuff the clear.

And speaking of rinsing, it’s best to rinse the mit with fresh water from the hose rather than dipping it back in the wash bucket, or you’ll bring a lot of dirt into the wash bucket that you’ll subsequently apply to the next surface to be cleaned.

It’s generally a good idea to clean the car starting from the roof and working downward. The top of the car will generally be cleaner than the bottom and it makes little sense to expose the entire car to a dirty wash mit when you can limit that exposure.

Drying (5 minutes)

You might be saying, what’s the big deal about drying a car? Well, there isn’t really a big deal, provided you know WHERE and HOW to dry the car. First, you should never wash your car in direct sunlight if you can avoid it. If you don’t have any shade, you should dry the car as quickly as you can. If you don’t, perhaps the most destructive of all contaminants — water spots — will form. Water spots form as a consequence of drying hard water, but even softened well water will produce water spots under the right conditions.

When you are ready to dry the car, take the nozzle off the hose and place it over the horizontal surfaces of the car, allowing the water to run down the sides, taking any remaining suds, dirt, and yes, WATER with it. If you spray the car with the nozzle, this will leave lots of water drops all over the car…particularly if the car is well waxed…and all this will do is make it more difficult to dry the car. If there isn’t a lot of standing water left on the paint, you will only need one towel. If you’re in a rush and can’t wait for the car to drip dry for a few minutes, you’ll need two towels.

Whatever you do, don’t take the car out on the road to dry it if you intend to follow through with the remaining detailing steps because you’ll just make the car dirty again and that will require another wash!

Drying properly is all about drying the car while minimizing physical contact with the paint. Unfold the towel and drape it over one side of a particular section of the surface. With one hand at the far end of the towel and the other closer to you, gently “walk” the towel across the surface.

Do NOT ball up the towel or apply pressure through the towel, particularly on the horizontal surfaces (with vertical surfaces, it’s unavoidable). The more pressure you exert, the greater you risk scouring the clear in a very noticeable way.

Claying [1 hour, Only 1 or 2 times a year]

When I originally wrote this article, I thought claying was a waste of time. Having since done it, I can say it’s easily as effective (or more) than polishing when it comes to cleaning and smoothing the finish to a mirror shine.

Detailing clay looks like modeling clay but is actually a form of mild abrasive suspended in a sticky clay-like medium. The idea behind claying a car is to rub the clay over the surface lubricated with quick-detailing spray or car wash soap diluted 15:1. The “sticky” qualities of the clay grab hold of impurities that have become embedded in the surface of the paint and lift them out in a way that polishing cannot accomplish.

The best analogy I’ve heard is this: Imagine your paint is a grass field with a bunch of unsightly dandalions randomly spread about. Polishing the car is akin to mowing the field. You may cut off the visible portion of the weeds, but the roots will remain. Claying is akin to pulling the weed out by its roots. The end result of claying is a smooth surface ready to be polished.

Claying should be done once, or — in harsh conditions — maybe twice a year. It should also be done anytime the car comes out of the body shop, since most shops can’t seem to mask properly.

And speaking of body shops, if you’re planning to have body work done on your car, insist that they use a “liquid mask”, which is a material they spray over the areas of the car that will NOT be worked on in order to protect it from overspray. Any overspray that does settle on the protected areas washes away with the mask when the material is removed with water. The reason you have to ask for it is because most body shops don’t use it due to its high cost. Even if you have to pay extra for it, I highly recommend it because it will save you from a very long and intensive detailing job.

Polishing (1 hour, 30 minutes)

The goal in polishing is to use fine abrasives to wear down the surface of the paint as required to remove fine scratches (so-called “swirl marks”). If the car has never been polished before, it may be necessary to do one pass with a polish containing more aggressive abrasives, then follow up with one or more passes using progressively finer abrasives.

For what it’s worth, the first time I polished my 1998 BMW was in 2006 (eight years!). I decided to use the mildest and best abrasive I could find – Menzerna’s Final Polish II — and was stunned with the results. If you’ve never polished a car before, I would suggest you take it easy. It’s better to do more passes with a finer abrasive than it is to do a single pass with an aggresive abrasive because more aggressive abrasives can themselves induce swirl smarks, which (you guessed it) require a finer abrasive to remove. I suppose the best advice I can give regarding polishing is to not be in a rush. Done correctly, it doesn’t take as much time as you might think.

I only apply polish by machine because doing it by hand is back-breaking work, and will never produce the required heat and consistent pressure required for the job.

Glazing [30 minutes, optional]

While polishes physically remove defects, glazes merely hide defects using fillers. Menzerna makes a glaze product called “Finishing Touch Glaze” and I have tried it. It does help mask some of the finer scratches that escape the polishing process, but at least on my car the benefits did not really justify the extra time.

Sealing (30 minutes per coat)

Modern synthetic waxes are also called “sealants”, and with good reason. They actually bond to the paint in a way that a natural wax such as carnauba cannot. The great thing about a good sealant is that it will outlast carnauba wax by a factor of 5 or more as well as add some UV protection, so if you’re looking to reduce the number of times you need to detail your car, sealing your paint is essential.

Unfortunately, good sealants cost money. The upside? A little goes a relatively long way, particularly if it’s applied by machine. I’ve settled on Menzerna’s Full Molecular Jacket (FMJ for short) because it goes on and comes off easily. I could not be happier with the results.

FMJ can be applied by hand, but I use a buffer for consistent coverage. I remove FMJ with a towel because it’s easy to remove when dried and because I don’t want to switch buffing wheels every two seconds. It’s desireable to apply more than one coat of sealant, but it’s best to wait about 12 hours between coats so the prior coat fully “cures”.

The perk of using a pure sealant, as opposed to some of the all-in-one polish/sealant combinations is that pure sealants can be layered for greater protection and a richer shine. My take is that more than two coats is a waste of time, particularly with FMJ because it looks great with only a single coat.

Waxing [ Optional ]

Want to hear a revelation? If you use one or more coats of a good sealant like FMJ, there is no reason to “wax” your car ever again. While some pros (and a lot of show-car enthusiasts) insist on applying a top-coat of carnauba over a sealant to add shine or “depth” to the paint, I don’t think it’s necessary for a daily driver. In fact, I found it far more difficult to apply and remove the carnauba wax consistently to produce the shine I already had with basically zero effort courtesy of FMJ. Of course, if you choose another brand of sealant or carnauba, your mileage may vary.

If you want a good natural wax, you could try P21S. If you want to buy P21S for a reasonable price, try purchasing it under the S100 name. Same stuff, half the price, but typically targeted to motorcycle owners.

Incidentally, in addition to longevity issues, carnauba wax also has the disadvantage of softening/melting at high temperatures (like when your car sits in the summer sun). When it does this, any dirt that settles on the paint will embed itself in the wax coat. When the surface temperature drops, the wax will harden and bond that dirt to your paint, dulling the finish. Tell me — is that what you really want after you spent the better part of four+ hours detailing your car?

Detailing The Interior

The best cleaner here is water, in this case applied with a couple dedicated towels that are kept as clean as possible.

Routine cleaning of the interior involves nothing more than running a most towel over everything, especially the seats and steering wheel — the areas that typically receive the most dirt, and then using another towel to dry everything.

The only area of the interior that deserves special mention is the gauge cluster. AVOID touching the clear plastic cover as much as possible, because no matter what you do, and no matter how careful you are, you WILL put fine scratches in the plastic. I minimized the potential damage by using my carnauba wax applicator and *carefully* putting some wax on the plastic, and then using the clean dry towel to remove the wax. The result is that dust tends not to stick to the surface, and future cleanings tend to scratch the wax layer, and not the plastic.

One strong note of caution:before you apply wax to the clear plastic, I recommend you use blue painter’s tape to mask off the surrounding black plastic. If you get the tiniest bit of wax on the surrounding plastic, you’ll see it FOREVER, as there are no environmental forces to wear away the wax.

One thing I do NOT use in the interior of the vehicle is Armor All…not only because I hate that “shiny” look, but because it does exactly the opposite of what it claims. It does not “protect” the plastic…in fact the solvents in the product tend to dry out plastic, so once you apply the stuff you have to apply it forever to keep it looking good (great marketing strategy, eh?).

The only thing Armor All belongs on, in my opinion, is tires, and that’s the only manner in which I use it. And, if you want to prove what I’ve just said to yourself, apply Armor All to your tires on a regular basis for a few months, and then stop using it to see how your sidewalls fade and turn a strange grayish or brownish color.

Conclusion

If you take away nothing else from this page, accept this small tidbit of wisdom:

AVOID BLACK CARS LIKE THE PLAGUE!

Even if you follow all of the techniques I’ve outlined above, and can devote several hours every week to the process, a black car looks great for about 5 minutes. Thereafter, it looks like crap until you get around the time, patience, and courage to work on it again.

Black paint is terribly unforgiving of sloppy cleaning and waxing technique. If you have nothing to do every day but detail your car, buy one painted black. If you want to have a life, buy a color that will better hide dirt and surface imperfections.

 

January 10, 2011 Posted by | AV Bimmer Repair, AV BMW Repair, AV BMW Service, AV Mini Cooper Repair, AV only BMW | , , , , | Leave a comment